Isaiah 5:14 Therefore hell hath enlarged herself, and opened her mouth without measure: and their glory, and their multitude, and their pomp, and he that rejoiceth, shall descend into it. And with the exception of Enoch and Elijah, with their marvellous departure from this life, the way of every mortal ended there, until the time when Jesus Christ, having first paid the λὐτρον, i.e., having shed His blood, which covers our guilt and turns the wrath of God into love, descended into Hades and ascended into heaven, and from that time forth has changed the death of all believers from a descent into Hades into an ascension to heaven. Wörterbuch, 1864, pp. Mot and Sheol are described as ravenous (Habakkuk 2:5; Isaiah 5:14)—yet in this passage, Mot and Sheol are themselves being swallowed. Isaiah 5:13 Therefore my people are gone into captivity, because [they have] no knowledge: and their honourable men [are] famished, and their multitude dried up with thirst. Then he looked for a crop of good grapes, but it yielded only bad fruit. This is a verse by verse, phrase by phrase, occasionally even word by word 178 page commentary from a literal, pre-millennial perspective. celans (see Jtting, Bibl. 14.Therefore hell hath enlarged his soul (86) In this verse the Prophet intended to heighten the alarm of men who were at their ease, and not yet sufficiently affected by the threatenings which had been held out to them. Hell. ThereforeSheolhas enlargedits throatand openedits mouthwithoutmeasure;And Jerusalem's splendor,her multitude,her din[of revelry] and the jubilantwithin her, descend[into it]. ISAIAH Page 6 By C. F. Keil and F. Delitzsch a Grace Notes study was an act of unbelief originating merely in the same confident expectation of help from Egypt which had occasioned the destruction of the 5:14 And he - That spends all his days in mirth and jollity. The meaner sort. According to the prevalent idea, Hades was in the interior of the earth. Luzzatto on this passage also explains sheol as signifying depth, and compares the talmudic hishchil equals hēshil, to let down (or, according to others, to draw up - two meanings which may easily be combined in the same word, starting from its radical idea, which indicates in a general a loosening of the previous connection). Their glory; their honourable men, as they were called, Isaiah 5:13, being distinguished both here and there from the multitude. Wrterbuch, 1864, pp. Fürst has also given up the meaning cavitas, a hollow, and endeavours to find a more correct explanation of the primary signification of shâ'al (see at Isaiah 40:12).). Isaiah 5:14 (King James Version) A.F.V A.S.V. 11 Woe unto them that rise up early in the morning, that they may follow strong drink; that continue until night, till wine inflame them! Keyna Welenc on Isaiah 5:14. The Song of the Vineyard - I will sing for the one I love a song about his vineyard: My loved one had a vineyard on a fertile hillside. In that unseen world there were, in the later belief of Judaism, the two regions of Gehenna and of Eden or Paradise. In Is 5:12 he has just described the effect of strong drink in inducing a spiritual stupor regarding God's Ways and Word. And oh that they would foresee and prevent a worse punishment in hell than befell that poor Turk who, being found drunk, had a ladleful of boiling lead poured down his throat by the command of a certain pasha! Luzzatto on this passage also explains sheol as signifying depth, and compares the talmudic hishchil = hēshil , to let down (or, according to others, to draw up - two meanings which may easily be combined in the same word, starting from its radical idea, which indicates in a general a loosening of the previous connection). John Trapp Complete Commentary. Isaiah 5:15 . Therefore hell hath enlarged herself, and opened her mouth without measure: and their glory, and their multitude, and their pomp, and he that rejoiceth, shall descend into it. Therefore hell hath enlarged herself,.... That is, the grave, to receive the dead which die with famine and thirst; signifying that the number of the dead would be so great, that the common burying places would not be sufficient to hold them; but additions must be made to them; or some vast prodigious pit must be dug, capable of receiving them; like Tophet, deep and large: or "hath enlarged her soul"F4הרחיבה נפשה "dilatavit suam animam", V. L. Munster, Montanus, Cocceius. Commentary on Isaiah 5:1-7 (Read Isaiah 5:1-7) Christ is God's beloved Son, and our beloved Saviour. Nor is it without good reason that the Prophet speaks of the events as plain and manifest; for he intended to bring them immediately before the people, that they might behold with their eyes what they could not be persuaded to believe. John Trapp Complete Commentary. Besides, men are wont to argue with God, and are so daring and presumptuous that they do not hesitate to call him to account. While this ostensibly has to do with two religious disciplines, fasting (vv. Moreover, by "hell" may be meant the miserable estate and condition of the Jews upon the destruction of Jerusalem, when they were in the utmost distress and misery; see Gill on Luke 16:23. Jump to: Barnes • Clarke • Gill • GSB • JFB • KAD • MHC • SCO • WES Isaiah 5:14 Translation & Meaning. Ver. And there was nothing really absurd in this, since it is quite within the power and freedom of the omnipresent God to manifest Himself wherever and however He may please. And their glory.] The word for “glory” (as in 1 Samuel 4:22) is the same as that for “honourable men” in Isaiah 5:13, so that the original has all the emphasis of repetition. NASB E-Prime R.S.V. 13. No power can ever be permanently strong that is founded upon wickedness; sooner or later, it will have to come to an end. Words every way contrary to God's will. At any rate, this derivation answers to the view that generally prevailed in ancient times. But even under the Old Testament the believer may have known, that whoever hid himself on this side the grave in Jehovah the living One, would retain his eternal germ of life even in Sheōl in the midst of the shades, and would taste the love of God even in the midst of wrath. Isaiah 5:11 Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament The second woe, for which the curse about to fall upon vinedressing ( Isaiah 5:10 ) prepared the way by the simple association of ideas, is directed against the debauchees, who in their carnal … and opened her mouth without measure; immensely wide; there being no boundary to its desires, nor any end of its cravings, or of filling it. [Isaiah 5:13]. Follow the buttons in the right-hand column for detailed definitions and verses that use the same root words. Hades even here is almost equivalent to the New Testament gehenna . Therefore death and hell. (Note: The meaning “to be hollow” is not very firmly established, however; as the primary meaning of שׁעל, and the analogy sometimes adduced of hell = hollow (Hölle = Höhle ), is a deceptive one, as Hölle (hell), to which Luther always gives the more correct form Helle, does not mean a hollow, but a hidden place (or a place which renders invisible: from hëln , to conceal), Lat. hell — the grave; Hebrew, {(sheol}; Greek, {(hades}; “the unseen world of spirits.” Not here, “the place of torment.” Poetically, it is represented as enlarging itself immensely, in order to receive the countless hosts of Jews, which should perish (Numbers 16:30). He also prophesied the demise of Assyria (10:5-19). And their pomp.] What the prophet says is that all the pomp and glory of the rich oppressors are on their way to that inevitable doom. 14. herself. As He reveals Himself above the earth, i.e., in heaven, among blessed spirits in the light of His love; so did He reveal Himself underneath the earth, viz., in Sheōl, in the darkness and fire of His wrath. Therefore hell - The word transated “hell,” שׁאול she'ôl has not the same meaning that we now attach to that word; its usual signification, among the Hebrews, was “the lower world, the region of departed spirits.” It corresponded to the Greek ἅδης Hadēs “hades,” or place of the dead. John Trapp Complete Commentary. Bible Commentary for Isaiah 5:14. Their great ones, those men of honour. The Septuagint, in this place, and usually, translates the word שׁאול she'ôl by ἅδης Hadēs “Hades.” It was represented by the Hebrews as “low down, or deep” in the earth - contrasted with the height of heaven; Deuteronomy 32:22; Job 11:8; Psalm 139:7-8. Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament. Isaiah 5:14 Therefore hell hath enlarged herself, and opened her mouth without measure: and their glory, and their multitude, and their pomp, and he that rejoiceth, shall descend into it.. Ver. = her soul. Hitherto hath been the comminatory part of this prophecy: followeth now the consolatory. And with the exception of Enoch and Elijah, with their marvellous departure from this life, the way of every mortal ended there, until the time when Jesus Christ, having first paid the λὐτρον, i.e., having shed His blood, which covers our guilt and turns the wrath of God into love, descended into Hades and ascended into heaven, and from that time forth has changed the death of all believers from a descent into Hades into an ascension to heaven. Barnes's Isaiah 5:14 Bible Commentary Therefore hell - The word transated "hell," שׁאול she'ôl, has not the same meaning that we now attach to that word; its usual signification, among the Hebrews, was "the lower world, the region of departed spirits." 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